The Parable of the Sower - Greek Word Definitions

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G reek Word Definitions

The original manuscripts of the New Testament were written in the Greek language, not English. There are literally thousands of ancient copies of these.

The English translation of the Bible is precisely that, a translation.

For any serious student of the Bible, examination of the Greek Word Defintions is essential. Here will be found the precise word the Holy Spirit employs in writing the text, together with its meaning.

A selected list of words from the Parable of the Sower follows:


3850 parabolh parabole par-ab-ol-ay’       from 3846; TDNT-5:744,773; n f

AV-parable 46, figure 2, comparison 1, proverb 1; 50

1) a placing of one thing by the side of another, juxtaposition, as of ships in battle
2) metaph.
2a) a comparing, comparison of one thing with another, likeness, similitude
2b) an example by which a doctrine or precept is illustrated
2c) a narrative, fictitious but agreeable to the laws and usages of human life, by which either the duties of men or the things of God, particularly the nature and history of God’s kingdom are figuratively portrayed
2d) a parable: an earthly story with a heavenly meaning
3) a pithy and instructive saying, involving some likeness or comparison and having preceptive or admonitory force
3a) an aphorism, a maxim

4) a proverb
5) an act by which one exposes himself or his possessions to danger, a venture, a risk

They Should Believe:

4100 pisteuw pisteuo pist-yoo’-o       from 4102; TDNT-6:174,849; v

AV-believe 239, commit unto 4, commit to (one’s) trust 1, be committed unto 1, be put in trust with 1, be commit to one’s trust 1, believer 1; 248

1) to think to be true, to be persuaded of, to credit, place confidence in
1a) of the thing believed
1a1) to credit, have confidence
1b) in a moral or religious reference
1b1) used in the NT of the conviction and trust to which a man is impelled by a certain inner and higher prerogative and law of soul
1b2) to trust in Jesus or God as able to aid either in obtaining or in doing something: saving faith
1bc) mere acknowledgment of some fact or event: intellectual faith
2) to entrust a thing to one, i.e. his fidelity
2a) to be intrusted with a thing


4982 swzw sozo sode’-zo       from a primary sos (contraction for obsolete saos, "safe"); TDNT-7:965,1132; v

AV-save 93, make whole 9, heal 3, be whole 2, misc 3; 110

1) to save, keep safe and sound, to rescue from danger or destruction
1a) one (from injury or peril)
1a1) to save a suffering one (from perishing), i.e. one suffering from disease, to make well, heal, restore to health
1b1) to preserve one who is in danger of destruction, to save or rescue
1b) to save in the technical biblical sense
1b1) negatively
1b1a) to deliver from the penalties of the Messianic judgment
1b1b) to save from the evils which obstruct the reception of the Messianic deliverance


 5479   cara chara khar-ah’       from 5463; TDNT-9:359,1298; n f

AV-joy 51, gladness 3, joyful 1, joyous 1, joyfulness 1, joyfully + 3326 1, greatly 1; 59

1) joy, gladness
1a) the joy received from you
1b) the cause or occasion of joy
1b1) of persons who are one’s joy


4491 riza rhiza hrid’-zah       apparently a primary word; TDNT-6:985,985; n f

AV-root 17; 17

1) a root
2) that which like a root springs from a root, a sprout, shoot
3) metaph. offspring, progeny


2076 esti esti es-tee’       third person singular present indicative of 1510; ; v

AV-is 744, are 51, was 29, be 25, have 11, not tr 15, misc 25, vr is 1; 900

1) third person singular of "to be"

Used in phrase <3739> <2076> (5748) in:

  #Mr 3:17 7:11,34 12:42 15:15 Eph 6:17 Col 1:24 Heb 7:2 Re 21:8,17

These are listed under number 3603.


2347 yliqiv thlipsis thlip’-sis       from 2346; TDNT-3:139,334; n f

AV-tribulation 21, affliction 17, trouble 3, anguish 1, persecution 1, burdened 1, to be afflicted + 1519 1; 45

1) a pressing, pressing together, pressure
2) metaph. oppression, affliction, tribulation, distress, straits

For Synonyms see entry 5907


1375 diwgmov diogmos dee-ogue-mos’       from 1377; ; n m

AV-persecution 10; 10

1) persecution


4624 skandalizw skandalizo skan-dal-id’-zo ("scandalize")       from 4625; TDNT-7:339,1036; v

AV-offend 28, make to offend 2; 30

1) to put a stumbling block or impediment in the way, upon which another may trip and fall, metaph. to offend
1a) to entice to sin
1b) to cause a person to begin to distrust and desert one whom he ought to trust and obey
1b1) to cause to fall away
1b2) to be offended in one, i.e. to see in another what I disapprove of and what hinders me from acknowledging his authority
1b3) to cause one to judge unfavourably or unjustly of another
1c) since one who stumbles or whose foot gets entangled feels annoyed
1c1) to cause one displeasure at a thing
1c2) to make indignant
1c3) to be displeased, indignant


2429 ikmav hikmas hik-mas’       of uncertain affinity; ; n f

AV-moisture 1; 1

1) moisture


3986 peirasmov peirasmos pi-ras-mos’       from 3985; TDNT-6:23,822; n m

AV-temptation 19, temptations 1, try 1; 21

1) an experiment, attempt, trial, proving
1a) trial, proving: the trial made of you by my bodily condition, since condition served as to test the love of the Galatians toward Paul (#Ga 4:14)
1b) the trial of man’s fidelity, integrity, virtue, constancy
1b1) an enticement to sin, temptation, whether arising from the desires or from the outward circumstances
1b2) an internal temptation to sin
1b2a) of the temptation by which the devil sought to divert Jesus the Messiah from his divine errand
1b3) of the condition of things, or a mental state, by which we are enticed to sin, or to a lapse from the faith and holiness
1b4) adversity, affliction, trouble: sent by God and serving to test or prove one’s character, faith, holiness
1c) temptation (i.e. trial) of God by men
1c1) rebellion against God, by which his power and justice are, as it were, put to the proof and challenged to show themselves

Fall Away:

868 afisthmi aphistemi af-is’-tay-mee       from 575 and 2476; TDNT-1:512,88; v

AV-depart 10, draw away 1, fall away 1, refrain 1, withdraw self 1, depart from 1; 15

1) to make stand off, cause to withdraw, to remove
1a) to excite to revolt
2) to stand off, to stand aloof
2a) to go away, to depart from anyone
2b) to desert, withdraw from one
2c) to fall away, become faithless
2d) to shun, flee from
2e) to cease to vex one
2f) to withdraw one’s self from, to fall away
2g) to keep one’s self from, absent one’s self from


4846 sumpnigw sumpnigo soom-pnee’-go       from 4862 and 4155; TDNT-6:455,895; v

AV-choke 4, throng 1; 5

1) to choke utterly
1a) metaph. the seed of the divine word sown in the mind
1b) to press round or throng one so as almost to suffocate him


3308 merimna merimna mer’-im-nah       from 3307 (through the idea of distraction); TDNT-4:589,584; n f

AV-care 6; 6

1) care, anxiety


165 aiwn aion ahee-ohn’       from the same as 104; TDNT-1:197,31; n m

AV-ever 71, world 38, never + 3364 + 1519 + 3588 6, evermore 4, age 2, eternal 2, misc 5; 128

1) for ever, an unbroken age, perpetuity of time, eternity
2) the worlds, universe
3) period of time, age

For Synonyms see entry 5921


539 apath apate ap-at’-ay       from 538; TDNT-1:385,65; n f

AV-deceitfulness 3, deceitful 1, deceit 1, deceivableness 1, deceivings 1; 7

1) deceit, deceitfulness


4149 ploutov ploutos ploo’-tos       from the base of 4130; TDNT-6:318,873; n m

AV-riches 22; 22

1) riches, wealth
1a) abundance of external possessions
1b) fulness, abundance, plenitude
1c) a good i.e. that with which one is enriched


1939 epiyumia epithumia ep-ee-thoo-mee’-ah       from 1937; TDNT-3:168,339; n f

AV-lust 31, concupiscence 3, desire 3, lust after 1; 38

1) desire, craving, longing, desire for what is forbidden, lust

For Synonyms see entry 5845 & 5906

Other Things:

3062 loipov loipoy loy-poy’       masculine plural of a derivative of 3007; ; adv

AV-other 15, rest 12, others 7, remnant 4, residue 1, which remains 1, other things 1; 41

1) remaining, the rest
1a) the rest of any number or class under consideration
1b) with a certain distinction and contrast, the rest, who are not of a specific class or number
1c) the rest of the things that remain


2237 hdonh hedone hay-don-ay’       from handano (to please); TDNT-2:909,303; n f

AV-pleasure 3, lust 2; 5

1) pleasure
2) desires for pleasure

This Life:

979 biov bios bee’-os       a primary word; TDNT-2:832,290; n m

AV-life 5, living 5, good 1; 11

1) life
1a) life extensively
1a1) the period or course of life
1b) that by which life is sustained, resources, wealth, goods

For Synonyms see entry 5821

Withered Away:   3583 xhrainw xeraino xay-rah’-ee-no       from 3584; ; v

AV-wither away 6, wither 5, dry up 3, pine away 1, be ripe 1; 16

1) to make dry, dry up, wither
2) to become dry, to be dry, be withered
2a) of plants
2b) of the ripening of crops
2c) of fluids
2d) of the members of the body
3) to waste away, pine away, i.e. a withered hand


5052 telesforew telesphoreo tel-es-for-eh’-o       from a compound of 5056 and 5342; ; v

AV-bring fruit to perfection 1; 1

1) to bring to (perfection or) maturity
1a) of fruits
1b) of pregnant women
1c) of animals bringing their young to maturity


2570 kalov kalos kal-os’       of uncertain affinity; TDNT-3:536,402; adj

AV-good 83, better 7, honest 5, meet 2, goodly 2, misc 3; 102

1) beautiful, handsome, excellent, eminent, choice, surpassing, precious, useful, suitable, commendable, admirable
1a) beautiful to look at, shapely, magnificent
1b) good, excellent in its nature and characteristics, and therefore well adapted to its ends
1b1) genuine, approved
1b2) precious
1b3) joined to names of men designated by their office, competent, able, such as one ought to be
1b4) praiseworthy, noble
1c) beautiful by reason of purity of heart and life, and hence praiseworthy
1c1) morally good, noble
1d) honourable, conferring honour
1e) affecting the mind agreeably, comforting and confirming

For Synonyms see entry 5893

100 Fold:

1540   ekaton hekaton hek-at-on’       of uncertain affinity; ; n indecl

AV-hundred 15, hundredfold 2; 17

1) a hundred

60 Fold:

1835 exhkonta hexekonta hex-ay’-kon-tah       the tenth multiple of 1803; ; n indecl

AV-threescore 4, sixty 3, sixtyfold 1; 8

1) sixty

30 Fold:

5144 triakonta triakonta tree-ak’-on-tah       the decade of 5140; ; adj

AV-thirty 9, thirty fold 2; 11

  1. thirty


1526 eisi eisi i-see’       third person plural present indicative of 1510; ; v

AV-are 135, be 14, were 7, have 2, not tr 1, misc 4; 163

1) are, be, were, etc.


173 akanya akantha ak’-an-thah       probably from the same as 188; ; n f

AV-thorns 14; 14

1) thorn, bramble
2) bush, brier, a thorny plan