The Significance of Yom Teruah - In the Mishna
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XII. In the Mishna
At four junctures, of the year, the world is judged;
on Pesach for the grain;
on Shavuot for the fruit of the tree;
on Yom Teruah all who walk the earth pass before Him like young sheep, as scripture states: Tehillim (Psalms) 33:15 He who forms the hearts of all, who considers everything they do; and
on Hag HaSuccoth for water (Rosh Hashanah 1:2).
The meaning of Psalm 33:15 is: The Creator sees their hearts together and comprehends all their deeds (Rosh Hashanah 18a).